In ancient Greece, pale skin was considered “in.” Powder makeup was made from chalk and white lead, and lead was also used to clear blemishes. This is before lead was known to be dangerous. Skin was also softened using fruits, oils, and honey.
Ancient Egyptians moisturized their skin with milk baths and olive oil, and exfoliated with crushed pumice stones. Pumice stones are still used in many approaches to skin care today.
In ancient China, nails were painted with things like beeswax and egg whites.
In the Middle Ages, aloe and ginger were popular in skin care. Moisturizer was made with myrrh and frankincense. Blemishes were treated with astringent called alum.